Wine is a beverage that has been enjoyed for centuries, and it is no surprise that it has become one of the most popular drinks in the world. Whether you are a wine connoisseur or just starting to explore the world of wine, it is important to understand the different types of wine and how they are made. In this beginner's guide, we will explore the basics of different types of wine, from white and red wines to sparkling and fortified wines. When it comes to white and red wines, there are two main categories: light-bodied and full-bodied.
Light-bodied wines have a lighter flavor and body, while full-bodied wines have a richer flavor and body. Two classic examples of light-bodied white wines are Pinot Grigio and Sauvignon Blanc, while two classic examples of full-bodied white wines are Chardonnay and Viognier. For red wines, two classic examples of light-bodied wines are Pinot Noir and Gamay, while two classic examples of full-bodied red wines are Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. In addition to white and red wines, there are also sparkling and fortified wines.
Sparkling wines are made by adding carbon dioxide to the wine during fermentation, which gives them their signature bubbles. Examples of sparkling wines include Champagne, Prosecco, and Cava. Fortified wines are any wine that has been fortified with distilled liquor, usually brandy. Examples of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, and Madeira.
When choosing a wine for a special occasion or dinner party, it is important to consider the type of food you will be serving. For example, if you are serving a light meal such as fish or salads, a light-bodied white or red wine would be a good choice. If you are serving a heavier meal such as steak or pasta dishes, a full-bodied white or red wine would be a better choice. For dessert courses or cheese plates, a sweet sparkling or fortified wine would be an ideal choice. When tasting different types of wine, it is important to pay attention to the flavor notes in each one.
Common flavor notes in white wines include citrus fruits such as lemon and lime, as well as floral notes such as jasmine and honeysuckle. Common flavor notes in red wines include dark fruits such as blackberry and plum, as well as earthy notes such as leather and tobacco. No matter what type of wine you choose to enjoy, it is important to remember that the most important thing is that you enjoy it! So take your time to explore different types of wine and find one that suits your taste.